Effects of Extreme Weather and Climate Change on Agriculture, Society, and Economics

The emergence of global warming has made it easier for extreme weather to occur in the United States. As a result, we have witnessed more tornadoes, heat waves, and wildfires in recent years. The impact of these extreme events on our communities and society is quite well-documented. However, there is more to the phenomenon than meets the eye. This article discusses the effects of extreme weather and climate change on agriculture, society, and economics.


Climate change is already affecting the lives of the people in the region. Increased extreme weather has the potential to cause severe damage to people and property. People who live in areas with high flooding and hurricane activity are particularly vulnerable. Additionally, those with a pre-existing medical condition or low socioeconomic status may also be at greater risk. The impacts of coastal storms are also increasing due to rising sea levels. Whether it’s a hurricane, flood, or tornado, these conditions can pose a risk to many people.

Attribution studies

In the context of extreme weather and climate change, scientists have begun considering the possible effects of climate change on extreme events. In a recent study, scientists found that an El Nino and human-caused climate change combined to bring drought to southern Africa. These events, in turn, resulted in increased sea surface temperatures and the threat of coral bleaching at the Great Barrier Reef. Increasing temperatures are also associated with increased rainfall and sea level rise. Thus, these factors are correlated with climate change.

Impacts on society

The consequences of climate change are not only visible, but also costly. Increasing extreme temperatures and more intense storms are contributing to higher air conditioning costs, and they also threaten human health and safety. Heavy rain and flooding can overwhelm wastewater treatment systems, and a direct risk of drowning is posed when floodwaters overtake neighborhoods and cities. Additionally, more intense storms and floods can damage crops and infrastructure, and cause injuries and death.

Impacts on agriculture

The impacts of extreme weather and climate change on agriculture are not limited to the destruction of crops and livestock. They also affect air and water pollution, the spread of pests and diseases, and the safety and efficiency of all on-farm operations. Extreme weather events are particularly significant for agriculture, as they can disrupt food production and distribution in both a local and global context. Regardless of where a farmer lives, climate change will affect their livelihood.


In the United States alone, the cost of climate-related disasters has increased by $742 billion in the past five years, according to a recent study. In the same time period, 4,519 people died as a result of weather-related catastrophes. In addition, heat waves are worsening, hurricanes are damaging more property, and wildfires are destroying more land. This increased frequency of billion-dollar disasters is due to climate change.